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Mindful and Enjoyable Dog Training Tips

White dog with head tilted, wearing a graduation hat

Dog training means mutual understanding and respect between you and your dog. There are so many approaches to dog training that it can be overwhelming! But with a few tips, you can learn to be mindful using enjoyable dog training methods. 

Let’s look at training methods, what each involves, and how to use them. Regardless of your methods, always work below your dog's threshold—introduce cues at a level that keeps them calm and comfortable to avoid stress or a fear response.

Changing unwanted behaviors or teaching new behaviors takes time. Be patient and mindful when engaging with your dog—this is the heart of effective dog training.

Relationship-Based Training

Since having a good relationship with your dog should always come first, let’s begin there. 

Relationship-based training focuses on building trust between you and your dog. Use relationship-based training with all dog training tips discussed in this article. It stresses knowing what your dog needs and why. If you need more clarification, a dog behavior specialist can help you.

What Relationship-Based Training Does

  • Strengthens the bond between you and your dog

  • Promotes mutual respect and cooperation

  • Encourages problem-solving and communication

How to Use Relationship-Based Training

  1. Learn Your Dog’s Signals: Understand your dog’s body language and communication cues. 

  2. Positive Reinforcement: Use rewards to reinforce desirable behavior.

  3. Consistency and Patience: Stay consistent with your training and your dog's progress.

  4. Focus on Needs: Address your dog’s physical, emotional, and mental needs to foster a healthy relationship.

Mindful Tips:

  • Connect with your dog daily through play, training, and relaxation.

  • Practice empathy and patience, recognizing that dogs learn at their own pace.

Force-Free Training

Force-free training is humane and avoids using force, fear, or intimidation. As with relationship-based training, everything I discuss here relies on positive reinforcement and rewards to shape behavior.

What Force-Free Training Does:

  • Promotes a stress-free learning environment

  • Prevents the development of fear-based behaviors

  • Helps strengthen the bond and teamwork between you and your pup

How to Use Force-Free Training

  1. Reward-Based Training: Use treats, toys, praise, and affection to reinforce positive behaviors.

  2. Avoid Punishment: Refrain from using punishment or aversive techniques.

  3. Positive Interactions: Ensure all interactions with your dog are positive and rewarding.

Mindful Tips:

  • Always create a safe and supportive space for your pup.

  • Practice patience and understanding, recognizing that positive behavior changes take time.

Science-Based Training

Science-based training is grounded in learning theory and behavioral science principles. This method involves using research-based techniques (some discussed above) to modify behavior.

What Science-Based Training Does:

  • Provides evidence-based solutions to behavior problems

  • Stresses how crucial it is to grasp dog behavior and thinking

  • Encourages good, kind training

How to Use Science-Based Training:

  1. Research-Based Techniques: Stay informed about the latest dog behavior and training research. Positive Reinforcement: Use scientifically validated methods, such as positive reinforcement, to shape behavior (more below).

  2. Behavioral Assessment: Conduct thorough assessments to understand the underlying causes of behavior issues.

Mindful Tips:

  • Continuously educate yourself on canine behavior and training methods.

  • Take a structured approach to solving behavior problems, looking for long-term solutions (more below).

Positive or Negative Reinforcement Training?

Positively positive, all the way! Positive reinforcement is a method that encourages good behavior by rewarding it and encouraging the dog to repeat it. This approach uses operant conditioning, where behaviors followed by rewards are more likely to be repeated. 

By rewarding your dog for doing things you like, you increase the chance that the behavior will repeat in the future and become an ingrained response over time.

What Positive Reinforcement Accomplishes

  • Builds a strong bond between you and your dog

  • Encourages your dog to think and make decisions

  • Promotes long-term behavior change without fear or aggression

How to Use Positive Reinforcement

  1. Identify rewards: Just because you think your dog should like what you offer does not mean that they will OR that it is valuable enough to trump what is happening around them! What does your dog most enjoy? Is it treats? Toys? Praise and attention? Need help determining what treats your dog finds high value? Click here for a great, free worksheet to help figure it out!

  2. Timing: Reward your dog immediately after the desired behavior to help them connect the behavior and the reward.

  3. Consistency: Be consistent with your rewards to reinforce the behavior effectively.

  4. Gradually increase difficulty: Start with simple cues and gradually increase the difficulty as your dog improves.

Mindful Tips:

-Keep training sessions short to prevent frustration in your dog (and you!).

-Observe your dog’s body language to ensure they are comfortable and relaxed.

Here are examples of triggers that might cause a dog to act in an undesirable way during training: 

-Thunder, fireworks, or construction sounds can cause fear or anxiety.

-Unfamiliar people approaching the dog or the home.

-Seeing or encountering other dogs or animals, especially if the dog has had negative experiences with them.

-Passing cars, bicycles, or skateboards can startle some dogs.

-Vacuums and Household Appliances: The noise and movement of vacuum cleaners or other loud appliances.

-The sight, sounds, or smells associated with the vet's office can trigger anxiety.

-Places where the dog has previously had negative experiences, like a grooming salon or a specific park.

-Individuals who may have unintentionally frightened or hurt the dog.

-Being touched in certain ways, such as handling or brushing their paws.

-Quick or unexpected movements by people or objects around them.

Clicker Training

Clicker training is a subset of marker training. It uses positive reinforcement with a clicker. The click sound serves as a connection between the behavior and the reward. 

You can substitute the clicker for a positive marker such as “yes” or “good.” 

What Using a Clicker Does:

  • Provides clear communication between you and your dog

  • Enhances the learning process by marking the exact moment your dog is doing the desired behavior

  • It can help teach intricate behaviors and tricks

How to Use Clicker Training:

Conditioning the Clicker/Marker Word: Pair the clicker sound with a treat until your dog associates the sound with a reward.

Marking Behavior: Click/mark the moment your dog performs the desired behavior, then follow with a treat. 

Timing is important here. You must only move to get or deliver the treat once you mark the behavior. If you move to give the reward before or while marking the behavior, your dog will likely stop doing the behavior and focus on getting the reward! This can slow down their ability to connect the behavior to positive reinforcement.

Shaping Behavior: Use the clicker to gradually shape more complex behaviors by rewarding small steps towards the final goal.

Mindful Tips:

  • Use the clicker/marker consistently to maintain its effectiveness.

  • Ensure your dog remains below their stress threshold to keep the training positive and productive.

Positive Classical Conditioning

Classical conditioning involves associating a “neutral stimulus”—(something that does not cause a response until paired with something meaningful. 

A positive reward leads your dog to form a new association. Think “Pavlov’s dogs”—the dog hears a bell and starts to drool because food is coming. 

Classical conditioning addresses involuntary behaviors, whereas operant conditioning focuses on voluntary ones. This method often changes a dog’s emotional response to a particular stimulus or trigger.

What Positive Classical Conditioning Does:

  • Alters emotional responses, such as reducing fear or anxiety.

  • It can help in desensitizing dogs to triggers that cause stress or fear.

How to Use Positive Classical Conditioning:

  1. Identify Triggers: Find out what makes your dog behave badly.

  2. Pairing Positive Experiences: Pair the trigger with something your dog enjoys (like treats or play) to change your dog's emotional response.

  3. Gradual Exposure: Start with the trigger at a low intensity and gradually increase it as your dog relaxes. For example, if your dog reacts to people, start by having a person stand still at a large distance away. Then, you can close that distance in small increments or increase the person's activity level. Only close the distance or increase the activity as your dog stays relaxed.

Mindful Tips:

  • Monitor your pup's body language to ensure they feel good.

  • Be patient and progress at your dog’s pace to avoid overwhelming them.

Counter-Conditioning and Desensitization

Counter-conditioning and desensitization alter a dog's not-so-great emotional reaction to something by linking it with positive vibes.

What Counter-Conditioning and Desensitization Does:

  • Reduces fear and anxiety related to specific triggers.

  • Helps dogs learn to remain calm in previously stressful situations.


  1. Identify Triggers: Recognize the stimuli that cause fear or anxiety in your dog.

  2. Introduce Triggers Gradually: Start with a low-intensity trigger and gradually increase it as your dog remains calm.

  3. Pair with Positive Experiences: Reward your dog with treats, praise, or play when they encounter the trigger without showing signs of fear or anxiety.

Mindful Tips:

  • Always keep your dog below their threshold to avoid reinforcing negative emotions.

  • Try calming techniques like deep breathing or chill time to help your pup relax.

Expanding on Mindful Dog Training

Beyond understanding the methods above, it’s important always to use mindfulness with your dog. Mindfulness means being fully present and engaged at the moment with your dog, creating a calm and focused training environment. Here is how you can mix mindfulness more deeply into your training:

Create a Training Routine: Set up a regular training routine that works with your daily schedule. Consistency helps your pup know what's coming, easing anxiety and boosting learning. Keep each session brief and positive, finishing strong to keep your dog excited for the next training round.

Mindful Breathing: Before starting your training, try some mindful breathing. Taking deep, slow breaths can help relax your mind and body, creating a peaceful vibe for your session. Since dogs are super wise, staying chill and focused can rub off on your furry friend's behavior.

Observe and Adjust: Pay close attention to your dog’s body language and signals during training. If your dog seems stressed or uneasy, take a step back and tweak your approach. 

Sometimes, slowing down and allowing your dog more time to think can lead to better and easier learning. Plus, it helps you remain calm and focused. (Doesn’t it always?!)

Think of your training plan as a map. There are usually many ways to get from point A to point B. Some routes are slow and scenic, while others are the expressway. Some days, even though you have planned to take the expressway, you make better, less stressful progress taking the scenic route.

Build Trust Gradually: Trust forms the base of any successful training program. Use gentle, positive interactions. Avoid anything that may spark fear or anxiety.

Use Natural Rewards: In addition to treats and toys, use natural rewards such as playtime, petting, and verbal praise. Recognize what your dog naturally enjoys and incorporate these rewards into your training. This helps reinforce the behavior meaningfully to your dog and encourages their participation.

Mindful Transitions: Attention to transitioning between different training activities or environments. Sudden changes can be stressful for dogs. Instead, move gradually from one activity to another, giving your dog time to adjust.

Reflect on Progress: Take time after each training session to reflect on what went well and what could be improved. This self-reflection can help you adjust your methods and better understand your dog’s needs and learning style.

A good attitude is crucial for successful dog training. Celebrate little wins and progress, even if they seem small. Positive reinforcement is for you as much as for your dog. 

Each dog training method has its perks. Learning these methods helps you tailor your approach to fit your dog's needs. You might mix different techniques to reach your goals. 

Remember, the secret to successful training is staying patient, present, and respecting your dog's pace. Creating a calm, supportive atmosphere helps your dog learn and thrive, fostering a strong bond based on Trust and respect.

About Canine Zen

Canine Zen embodies expert Stephanie Barger's approach to life with dogs. Dogs are living, breathing, sentient beings and live their best lives when allowed to be your companions and partners. To facilitate that, Stephanie shows you how to effectively communicate with your dog AND understand what they are trying to tell you.

You get the tools to teach your dog how to live harmoniously in your home and participate in the activities with you.

To do that, Stephanie provides a safe environment for you and your dog to learn and thrive together without fear, pain, or judgment.

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